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WHAT IS THIS?
What does "tourism carrying capacity" mean?
Can you further explain?
A tourism destination has different entry and exit points. Residents and visitors move from one point to another with freedom of movement and different variables must be studied to act and enhance the destination, to manage it with the aim of being sustainable and inclusive.
A tourism resource may or may not have defined entry points and even so friction or saturation points are generated. Different variables must be studied to act and enhance the resource, to manage it with the aim of being sustainable and inclusive.
Do you want to know how a carrying capacity diagnosis helps you out?
These are some of the tourism destinations for which we have carried out carrying capacity diagnoses
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Urdaibai
The results were:
Diagnosis of sustainable tourism development, showing strengths, challenges and opportunities on which to act
Measurement of tourism carrying capacity that identified a series of priority alerts on which to act
Proposal of strategies to reduce the pressure and negative impacts of "mass tourism" in the department as a whole
Design of tourist itineraries that encourage decongesting certain points of the department and activate less visited ones with high potential, in line with the diagnosis and the carrying capacity
Identification of new tourism products that contribute to more sustainable development.
Numerous indicators were evaluated which identified gaps in continuous measurement of the destination in general and in particular in a sustainable way, as well as alerts in governance, in private and public commitment with sustainability and inclusion and on desired and received demand.
Recommendations were issued for the destination to advance on measurement, on sustainable governance and management, as well as on sustainable practices by tourism businesses.
Provincial capitals, coastal and inland municipalities were analyzed, with different types of tourism developed and different types of visitors. The study took into account both tourism and excursionism and the five dimensions of sustainability.
By evaluating numerous indicators, alerts were identified on different issues and recommendations were issued for progress on the one hand in measurement, to have data continuously at the municipal level. On the other hand, different areas of improvement are identified, such as financing and training to advance sustainability, even if destinations are convinced of being sustainable, in some cases they needed support to implement initiatives or even draw a plan.
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Urdaibai
This study develops a diagnosis of tourism development in the Urdaibai reserve and region, where strengths, challenges and opportunities to act on were evidenced
The measurement of tourism carrying capacity that identified a series of priority alerts to act on. Likewise, a series of critical points were identified in which to deepen and recommendations were issued to advance in governance in particular, together with tourism development that implies greater spending in the region and reserve.
Diagnostic of the tourism carrying capacity that identifies a series of areas in which the destination has strengths, as well as yellow and red alerts in different areas on which progress must be made with lower and higher priority for the sustainable development of the destination.
The methodological approach developed by in2destination is aimed at preparing actions focused on innovation, competitiveness and the sustainable, intelligent and inclusive construction of territories. Thus, we start from:
Theory of carrying capacity
Our methodology is first based on the theory of carrying capacity developed by Cifuentes and others (1992), O’Reilly (1986), Shelby & Heberlin (1986), Amador and others (1996), Cifuentes and others (1999), Dias & Cordeiro (2012)
Porter's Theory of Competitiveness
We also base our methodology on Michael E. Porter's Theory of Competitiveness (1990), with his diamond applied to tourism destinations.
The five dimensions of sustainability
We finally focus our methodology on the five dimensions of sustainability in tourism destinations: governance, environmental, social, territorial and economic (Fernandez Villarán, Espinosa, Abad & Goytia (2020), Espinosa Uresandi, Zapata Martidez & Bermúdez Cardona (2019), Espinosa Uresandi, Fernandez Villarán, Goytia Prat, Abad Galzacorta (2017), Fernandez, Espinosa, Abad & Goytia (2017), Abad Galzacorta, Espinosa Uresandi, Fernandez Villarán & Goytia Prat (2016).
With all this, we define a scoreboard and a visual alert system based on colours.
The Conceptual Framework embodies a scalable and modular methodology that can be adapted to the object of study requirements.
Thus, we study the tourism destination, or portions of it, or the tourism resource based on:
- secondary sources: review of recent studies carried out in the area, official statistical data on employment, overnight stays, electricity consumption, and many more
- primary sources: interviews, surveys, mobility studies, etc.
What are the types of questions you answer with a carrying capacity diagnosis?
What characteristics do the flows in your destination or tourism resource have according to its origin, expense and use of space?
What is the ratio between accommodation places to number of residents?
Are there environmental conditions linked to the tourism activity of your destination or resource?
Is there tension between residents and visitors? If there is, which are the reasons behind it? Volume, attitudes?
Which is the weight of same-day visitors, tourists and second residence in your destination?
Who is this in2destination methodology for?
This methodology has been applied by in2destination in open inhabited environments in different tourism destinations. Applying it in closed/delimited or uninhabited tourism destinations or tourism resources would be perfectly possible, much easier.
I want to meet the team that makes it possible
Many factors come into play in carrying capacity. We are a team that, due to its interdisciplinary profile, has the ability to analyse, interpret and reflect them into our projects.